Archive for January, 2010


This is an essay which writes about the reasons that Kino should not listen to his brother’s warning.

Old people usually give advice to young people or his next generation; it is a normal way that human does. In the story, The Pearl, Kino’s elder brother also gives Kino a warning advice when Kino wants to go to sell his great pearl in the Capital. However, not all advices are right or should be followed it blindly. We have to think about the situation that we should believe or not. The following reasons show why Kino should not listen to his brother’s warning.

The first reason that Kino should oppose his brother’s warning is about the improving quality of life. In the story, Kino was cheated by the pearl buyers in La Paz. At that time, he was disappointed and he decided to go to sell his great pearl in the Capital, for he hoped that he could escape from the cheating. He thought that his pearl would be sold at a high price as he wished. Then, after he got a lot of money, he would return to his station (La Paz) and all of his dreams would come true. He dreamt that he would marry with his wife, Juana, in the church, his family would have new clothes to wear, and his son would send to school. Thus, in his dream his son, Coyotito, would be educated and he could share his knowledge to other in his village. When they were educated, all of them could improve their living standard or living condition, and nobody could cheat them easily as in the previous time. They also could break away form suffering and miseries of poverty, too. Moreover, they could reduce the inequality between Kino’s race and doctor’s race. Therefore, his village would be developed, had good health care system, had schools for children go to study, and had good living standard.

The second reason that he should not listen to his brother’s advice is to struggle for survival and freedom. If Kino still tried to sell the pearl in La Paz, he could not get the amount of money that he wished to get. He would be cheated again and again by the pearl buyers. Therefore, he had to go to the Capital because he wished to move away from the older order of life. The older order of life made him and his people lock in a place without having better opportunities. He and other people in his village had to depend on the others to get information or know the important matters. He wanted to make a change for himself and for his next generation. He wanted the future generation to have a better life and enjoy greater freedom, not living in poverty. Then the answer to their suffering and miseries is wealth and the pearl that Kino found is the solution of the problem. This is another cause that encourages him to be brave to go to the Capital with only Juana and Coyotito.

To conclude, advices of older people should be followed by the younger, sometimes. However, some advices are just a word saying from one generation to one generation without any practice. Thus, if we do not oppose with those advices, we might not find another way or another chance to make a new opportunity for life. People always meet many obstacles living; this is the taste of life.


Debate topic: It was a stupid act for Kino to throw the pearl away at the end.

My group is a group that supports this motion.

There is only one point among three that we used it to fight with the opposition side.

The last point is about KINO’S LOSSES. As we can see in the story after Coyotito was bitten by a scorpion, Kino had to spend his time and his afford to find a pearl in order to hire a doctor to cure his son. Moreover, after he got the great pearl of the world, he had to protect it from all enemies who came to him. Furthermore, in chapter five Kino became to be a murderer because of killing a man. His house was burnt, his canoe was broken and he had to leave La Paz with his family in order to escape from the enemies and to sell his great pearl. However, his son was killed at the new place at that time. So, if he thrown the pearl away, he would waste his time, his effort, his energy and lost his son without gain anything.

Also, in chapter five on page 64, Kino said, “This pearl has become my soul, if I give it up I shall lose my soul.” By this quotation, we can see that Kino had never thought about throwing the pearl away.

And like we see in the story, all his villagers were admired with Kino when he got the great pearl because they hoped that Kino would help them to improve their living condition. So, if he thrown the pearl away, the hope of villagers would be sank into the sea too.

Therefore, this is not a good decision to throw the pearl away. If Kino thrown the pearl away, what could happen? Could Coyotito survive again? We all knew the answer already. It is NO. So, why didn’t he keep the pearl? The he could sell it to the dealer, even in a low price. Then he could get some money and it was better than got nothing and lost everything. So we still think that this is a crazy action that Kino thrown the pearl away at the end of the story.


Survey! Question! Read! Recite! Review! Have you ever heard about this? SQ3Rs

Before you read,
Survey the chapter:
• The title, headings, and subheadings

• Captions under pictures, charts, graphs or maps

• Review questions or teacher-made study guides

• Introductory and concluding paragraphs

• Summary

Question while you are surveying:
• Turn the title, headings, and/or subheadings into questions;

• Read questions at the end of the chapters or after each subheading;

• Ask yourself, “What did my instructor say about this chapter or subject when it was assigned?”

• Ask yourself, “What do I already know about this subject?”

Note: If it is helpful to you, write out these questions for consideration. This variation is called SQW3R

When you begin to
• Look for answers to the questions you first raised;

• Answer questions at the beginning of end of chapters or study guides

• Reread captions under pictures, graphs, etc.

• Note all the underlined, italicized, bold printed words or phrases

• Study graphic aids

• Reduce your speed for difficult passages

• Stop and reread parts which are not clear

• Read only a section at a time and recite after each

after you’ve read a section:
• Orally ask yourself questions about what you have just read or summarize, in your own words, what you read

• Take notes from the text but write the information in your own words

• Underline or highlight important points you’ve just read

• Use the method of recitation which best suits your particular learning style but remember what you read – i.e.,

TRIPLE STRENGTH LEARNING: Seeing, saying, hearing-
QUADRUPLE STRENGTH LEARNING: Seeing, saying, hearing, writing!!!

an ongoing process:
Day One

• After you have read and recited the entire chapter, write questions in the margins for those points you have highlighted or underlined.

• If you took notes while reciting, write questions for the notes you have taken in the left hand margins of your notebook.

Day Two

• Page through the text and/or your notebook to reacquaint yourself with the important points.

• Cover the right hand column of your text/note-book and orally ask yourself the questions in the left hand margins.

• Orally recite or write the answers from memory.

• Make “flash cards” for those questions which give you difficulty.

• Develop mnemonic devices for material which need to be memorized.

Days Three, Four and Five

• Alternate between your flash cards and notes and teat yourself (orally or in writing) on the questions you formulated

• Make additional flash cards if necessary.


Using the text and notebook, make a Table of Contents – list all the topics and sub-topics you need to know from the chapter.
From the Table of Contents, make a Study Sheet/Spatial Map.
Recite the information orally and in your own words as you put the Study Sheet/Map together.

Now that you have consolidated all the information you need for that chapter, periodically review the Sheet/Map so that at test time you will not have to cram.


The Selfish Giant

The title of this short story is “The Selfish Giant”; it was written by “Oscar Wilde”. His full name is Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde. He was born in October, 16th, 1854 in Dublin, Ireland. He was an Irish playwright, poet, and author of numerous short stories and one novel. Wilde was imprisoned for two years, and he died of cerebral meningitis on November 30, 1900 in Paris, France. “The Selfish Giant” describes about a selfish giant who allowed no one to play in his garden. He built a high wall and put up a notice-board. The Spring came, everywhere was little blossoms and little birds sang a song on trees, except in the giant’s garden; it was still in Winter. One morning, he heard some lovely music. Surprisingly, he saw a hole in the wall and there was a little child and tree was a little blossoms. Then he realized why the Spring would not come there. He also helped a boy who could not climb up the tree, and the boy gave him a kiss. The giant loved that boy so much, but he could not meet the boy next day. From that day, his selfish behavior started to change. He became a kindness giant. All the children liked playing with him. From year to year, the giant became older and older; he was weak and could not play anymore. One Winter morning, there was a marvelous sight at the farthest corner of the garden. Then he ran into the garden, and he saw his lovely boy at there. He asked the boy some questions, but that boy replied with the strange way. The boy said that the giant had let him play in the garden, so it was time for him to let the giant to play in his garden in Paradise. At that time, the giant knew that the boy was an angel or the God. In the afternoon the children ran to the garden as everyday, and they saw the giant died under a tree covered with white blossoms.
One character that I like the most is the giant. The point that I like is the way that selfish giant could change his mind to learn to share his love and get rid of his selfishness. It is because he realized that he could not live without friends, and warmth of love to help him overcome the coldness in winter.

In the Selfish Giant story, one theme that I interested in is “selfishness and kindness”. As we see in the story, the giant was very selfish. It is because he did not allow anyone to play in his garden. He also built a high wall and put up a notice-board: TRESPASSERS BE PROSECUTED. On the other hand, the giant became to be a lovely and kind when he realized that his garden would always winter if there was no children to play in. He was really sorry for what he had done. He allowed everyone to play in his big garden. At the end, when he died, the God brought him to the Paradise.
In our society today, we can see that this theme has happened too. Once we give someone love; we will get it in return. Everyone will be admired us because of our kindness. Also, the Buddhist believes that if they do something good, they will get good thing in return, and when they die, they will go to the Paradise. So, we see that everyone try to do a lot of good things, while they are still alive.
In my opinion, this is great to read such a nice story and full of moral. It teaches us to share love. When we do something good to other people, we will gain it back. At last, we should not be selfish because we will be lonely, unhappy, and friendless.


The Summary of “Cry Freedom” Part 2

In part 2 in Cry Freedom tells of the first meeting face to face between Mr. Donald Woods and Steve Biko at an old church.
After having an address from Dr. Ramphele, Mr. Woods drove his white Mercedes from East London to the North and reached the black township, a few kilometers from the center of King William’s Town, where Biko lived.
When he arrived that address, he saw an old church with small trees around it and bits of broken fence and he also noticed that there were 2 security policemen under a tree near there. He waved to them.
After that, he rang the rusty bell and immediately the door opened by a young black woman. She greeted him with a warm smile and she was friendly, not the sort of person he expected. She was Steve’s wife, her name is Ntsiki.
While he was walking inside the church followed Ntsiki, he was surprise because there were many people and they were doing many things like painting the walls, putting up partitions, sewing, and making children’s toys. Then Ntsiki opened a side door and letted Woods to go in there.
It was an untidy church yard with long grass, a huge old tree in the center, and a small building at the other side. He felt annoyed to find someone at there, but he thought that there was something watching him. Truly, there was a tall black figure near the tree. He was Biko, but Woods didn’t recognize him at that time until they both went into the small building. It was a small office in the yard. Biko was young and handsome; his deep, dark eyes were alive and sensitive.
In that office Mr. Woods and Biko started their conversation with the words “System” and “Liberal”.
It was the beginning.


The summary of “Not Poor, Just Broke”

The story “Not Poor, Just Broke” is a short story with only 3 pages, but meaningful and it was written by Dick Gregory. This story tells of Richard who felt sorry and ashamed to himself when he was 7 years old as a result of discrimination and poverty. In the story Richard was in love with a little girl named Helene Tucker, a light-completed little girl with pigtails and nice manners. She was always clean and she was smart in school. He loved her for her goodness, her cleanness, and her popularity. Because of love made Richard become a nice boy. He brushed his hair and always had an old lady’s handkerchief in his pocket because he didn’t want Helene see him wipe his nose on his hand and he cleaned his clothes everyday.

Richard always struggled in his life. When there was no water in the house, he scooped out some chopped ice and let it melt to get water for washing his socks and his only clothes. In order to stop his hunger, he ate paste sometimes. Plus, he shined shoes and sold papers so he had enough money to by himself a daddy on the Negro Payday. Because he didn’t want anybody know that he didn’t have a daddy. So he did hard work to get money to donate on that day. However, what the teacher did towards him was not good. This is because she seemed to ignore him and thought he was an idiot and a troublemaker, couldn’t spell, read or do arithmetic. But teachers were never interested in finding the reason why Richard couldn’t concentrate on the lessons. Furthermore, she did not accept his money, and she said, “We are collecting this money for you and your kind, Richard Gregory. If your daddy can give fifteen dollars you have no business being on relief.” Then she added, “We know you don’t have a Daddy.” Because of the teacher’s careless speech made Richard felt ashamed with everyone in class, then he walked out of school that day, and for a long time he couldn’t go back very often.

After that day, he thought that the whole world had been inside the classroom, everyone had heard what teacher had said and they had turned around and felt sorry for him. He was ashamed in going to the Worthy Boys Annual Christmas Dinner, in wearing the brown and orange and white plaid mackinaw. There was shame on running over Mister Ben’s at the end of the day and asking for his rotten peaches, there was shame in asking Mrs. Simmoms for a spoonful of sugar, and there was shame in running out to meet the relief truck. At the end, there were many shames for him after everyone knew that he didn’t have a Daddy.