Survey! Question! Read! Recite! Review! Have you ever heard about this? SQ3Rs

Before you read,
Survey the chapter:
• The title, headings, and subheadings

• Captions under pictures, charts, graphs or maps

• Review questions or teacher-made study guides

• Introductory and concluding paragraphs

• Summary

Question while you are surveying:
• Turn the title, headings, and/or subheadings into questions;

• Read questions at the end of the chapters or after each subheading;

• Ask yourself, “What did my instructor say about this chapter or subject when it was assigned?”

• Ask yourself, “What do I already know about this subject?”

Note: If it is helpful to you, write out these questions for consideration. This variation is called SQW3R

When you begin to
• Look for answers to the questions you first raised;

• Answer questions at the beginning of end of chapters or study guides

• Reread captions under pictures, graphs, etc.

• Note all the underlined, italicized, bold printed words or phrases

• Study graphic aids

• Reduce your speed for difficult passages

• Stop and reread parts which are not clear

• Read only a section at a time and recite after each

after you’ve read a section:
• Orally ask yourself questions about what you have just read or summarize, in your own words, what you read

• Take notes from the text but write the information in your own words

• Underline or highlight important points you’ve just read

• Use the method of recitation which best suits your particular learning style but remember what you read – i.e.,

TRIPLE STRENGTH LEARNING: Seeing, saying, hearing-
QUADRUPLE STRENGTH LEARNING: Seeing, saying, hearing, writing!!!

an ongoing process:
Day One

• After you have read and recited the entire chapter, write questions in the margins for those points you have highlighted or underlined.

• If you took notes while reciting, write questions for the notes you have taken in the left hand margins of your notebook.

Day Two

• Page through the text and/or your notebook to reacquaint yourself with the important points.

• Cover the right hand column of your text/note-book and orally ask yourself the questions in the left hand margins.

• Orally recite or write the answers from memory.

• Make “flash cards” for those questions which give you difficulty.

• Develop mnemonic devices for material which need to be memorized.

Days Three, Four and Five

• Alternate between your flash cards and notes and teat yourself (orally or in writing) on the questions you formulated

• Make additional flash cards if necessary.


Using the text and notebook, make a Table of Contents – list all the topics and sub-topics you need to know from the chapter.
From the Table of Contents, make a Study Sheet/Spatial Map.
Recite the information orally and in your own words as you put the Study Sheet/Map together.

Now that you have consolidated all the information you need for that chapter, periodically review the Sheet/Map so that at test time you will not have to cram.

2 Responses to “Survey! Question! Read! Recite! Review! Have you ever heard about this? SQ3Rs”

  1. January 13, 2010 at 1:59 am

    This is one of reading method. I think it is a useful one among all.

  2. May 15, 2013 at 11:10 pm

    I do not even know the way I finished up here, however I
    thought this post was great. I don’t understand who you are but definitely you’re going to a famous blogger in the
    event you aren’t already. Cheers!

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