Before you read,
Survey the chapter:
• The title, headings, and subheadings
• Captions under pictures, charts, graphs or maps
• Review questions or teacher-made study guides
• Introductory and concluding paragraphs
Question while you are surveying:
• Turn the title, headings, and/or subheadings into questions;
• Read questions at the end of the chapters or after each subheading;
• Ask yourself, “What did my instructor say about this chapter or subject when it was assigned?”
• Ask yourself, “What do I already know about this subject?”
Note: If it is helpful to you, write out these questions for consideration. This variation is called SQW3R
When you begin to
• Look for answers to the questions you first raised;
• Answer questions at the beginning of end of chapters or study guides
• Reread captions under pictures, graphs, etc.
• Note all the underlined, italicized, bold printed words or phrases
• Study graphic aids
• Reduce your speed for difficult passages
• Stop and reread parts which are not clear
• Read only a section at a time and recite after each
after you’ve read a section:
• Orally ask yourself questions about what you have just read or summarize, in your own words, what you read
• Take notes from the text but write the information in your own words
• Underline or highlight important points you’ve just read
• Use the method of recitation which best suits your particular learning style but remember what you read – i.e.,
TRIPLE STRENGTH LEARNING: Seeing, saying, hearing-
QUADRUPLE STRENGTH LEARNING: Seeing, saying, hearing, writing!!!
an ongoing process:
• After you have read and recited the entire chapter, write questions in the margins for those points you have highlighted or underlined.
• If you took notes while reciting, write questions for the notes you have taken in the left hand margins of your notebook.
• Page through the text and/or your notebook to reacquaint yourself with the important points.
• Cover the right hand column of your text/note-book and orally ask yourself the questions in the left hand margins.
• Orally recite or write the answers from memory.
• Make “flash cards” for those questions which give you difficulty.
• Develop mnemonic devices for material which need to be memorized.
Days Three, Four and Five
• Alternate between your flash cards and notes and teat yourself (orally or in writing) on the questions you formulated
• Make additional flash cards if necessary.
Using the text and notebook, make a Table of Contents – list all the topics and sub-topics you need to know from the chapter.
From the Table of Contents, make a Study Sheet/Spatial Map.
Recite the information orally and in your own words as you put the Study Sheet/Map together.
Now that you have consolidated all the information you need for that chapter, periodically review the Sheet/Map so that at test time you will not have to cram.